Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction by A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham

By A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham

Вокруг имени Александра Македонского сложилось множество легенд. Эта работа представляет собой подборку исследований крупных западных историков, в которых производится попытка отделить правду от вымысла.

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The history of Alexander remains anchored to the literary sources, and each student must establish his or her attitude to the extant tradition. The papers in this volume provide a rich variety of approaches and collectively, it is to be hoped, they make it more feasible to recapture something of that most elusive of figures, the historical Alexander. 2 A Tale of Two Empires: Hernán Cortés and Alexander the Great B B Imperialism is a strangely uniform phenomenon. The modes of acquiring empire tend to be similar, as do the arguments justifying its acquisition.

What all sources represent him delivering is explicit recognition of the Spaniards as his legitimate overlords. Even the Indian accounts of the meeting have Cortés’ coming predicted by previous Aztec rulers; they were merely representatives, and Montezuma surrenders his stewardship: ‘Rest now, and take possession of your royal houses. ’77 This acknowledgement was a moral necessity, and Sahagún, the Spanish editor, 74 Strabo 15. 1. lvxandron. 75 Arr. 4. 22. 6; 5. 3. 5–6; Diod. 17. 86. 4; Curt. 8.

In the long view they could both be considered unconquered, and their military abilities are beyond question. We can extend and deepen the investigation by the study of two parallel episodes, which to me are remarkably similar. Both Alexander and Cortés were prone to folies de grandeurs, and in both cases it led to near disaster and massive suffering. In the autumn of 325 Alexander returned from what is now southern Pakistan. His elephants and some of the heavy infantry and veterans he had sent on an alternative route through Afghanistan and southern Iran, while he took the bulk of the army, at least 30,000 strong, through the bleakly inhospitable Makran.

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