Alexander Histories and Iranian Reflections: Remnants of by Parivash Jamzadeh

By Parivash Jamzadeh

Alexander the Great's army crusade to overcome the Achaemenid empire incorporated a propaganda crusade to persuade the Iranians his kingship used to be appropriate with their non secular and cultural norms. This crusade proved such a success that the overt reveal of Alexander's Iranian and Zoroastrian personal tastes alienated a few of his Greek and Macedonian allies. Parivash Jamzadeh exhibits how this unique propaganda fabric displayed a number of layers of Iranian impacts. also she demonstrates that the studied resources don't continually supply a correct account of the modern Iranian customs, and infrequently integrated historic inaccuracies. essentially the most fascinating reveals during this examine is the confusion of historic assets that arose among the competitors Darius III and Alexander. Jamzadeh argues that the Iranian propaganda relating to Alexander the good has contributed to this confusion.

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XIV. 22–23. 107 Arrian III. 14. 5–6. 108 Plutarch, Alexander 32. 3. the plight of the achaemenid royal women 27 towards the point on Darius’ mother preferring Alexander’s prison to a chance to escape. This would seem to be another calculated propaganda effort built into the reports on Alexander’s campaigns. 109 It is interesting that neither Curtius nor Diodorus report anything about the reactions of Darius’ daughters, who presumably would have been at the same place. 110 Obviously the object of this episode is Darius’ mother expressing her trust in Alexander rather than in Darius.

37. 4, where this visit precedes that of Alexander. 91 One can see that, even though the meeting between Alexander and the queen mother does not take place according to the version reported by Arrian,92 yet its significance is stressed: gaining legitimacy for kingship. As knowledge about the version that includes the meeting, Arrian goes on to say: There is, however, a story that Alexander himself next day visited the tent with Hephaestion alone of his suite; and Darius’ mother, mistaking the king—for both were accoutered alike—approached Hephaestion and prostrated herself before him, for he appeared the taller.

122 Curtius V. III. 13–15; cf. Arrian III. 17. B. Bosworth, A Historical Commentary on Arrian’s History of Alexander, Vol. 1, Oxford, 1980, 322–324. 123 Justin XIII. 1. 124 Diodorus XVII. 118. 3. 125 Curtius X. V. 19–25.  Alexander and Darius’ Wife An issue closely related to the propaganda program that was developed on the basis of the presence of the royal women in combat and their capture by Alexander’s forces is the question of the manner of his treatment of Darius’ wife. This is a somewhat elusive and intricate problem that would seem to defy reason on various levels.

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