Advanced Metallization and Interconnect Systems for Ulsi by R. C. Ellwanger, S. Q. Wang

By R. C. Ellwanger, S. Q. Wang

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As above, the structure of solid phases is often different and the reaction is l + α ⇔ β . If the l phase is replaced by a γ solid phase, the reaction is called peritectoid as is the corresponding temperature. In a binary system the occurrence of a miscibility gap in the liquid phase or of allotropic transformations of solid phases will cause modifications in the shape and relative position of free energy curves with the consequence of producing more invariant reactions. e. around the temperature where the reaction occurs, will be similar to those of the previous reactions, 42 Livio Battezzati however the type and position of phases will be different and the reactions will deserve a new name as the corresponding temperature.

Such states are called lattice stabilities and need to be evaluated to draw a free energy curve for each phase. The lattice stabilities for elements have been compiled by the SGTE6. The equilibrium condition that the chemical potential be equal in the two phases is represented by the common tangent to the curves and, as above, Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams 39 the corresponding compositions are collected in the binary phase diagram. e. a single degree of freedom in order the system remains in the same state.

If the l phase is replaced by a γ solid phase, the reaction is called peritectoid as is the corresponding temperature. In a binary system the occurrence of a miscibility gap in the liquid phase or of allotropic transformations of solid phases will cause modifications in the shape and relative position of free energy curves with the consequence of producing more invariant reactions. e. around the temperature where the reaction occurs, will be similar to those of the previous reactions, 42 Livio Battezzati however the type and position of phases will be different and the reactions will deserve a new name as the corresponding temperature.

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