By Mircea Eliade
Publish yr note: initially released in French lower than the name Histoire des croyances et des idees religieuses. Vol. 2: De Gautama Bouddha au triomphe du christianisme Payot, Paris, 1978. First released in english in 1982
In quantity 2 of this huge paintings, Mircea Eliade keeps his magisterial growth throughout the historical past of non secular principles. The religions of historic China, Brahmanism and Hinduism, Buddha and his contemporaries, Roman faith, Celtic and German religions, Judaism, the Hellenistic interval, the Iranian syntheses, and the start of Christianity—all are encompassed during this quantity.
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Extra resources for A History of Religious Ideas, Volume 2: From Gautama Buddha to the Triumph of Christianity
See Hentze, Bronzegeriit, Kultbauten, Religion im iiltesten China der Shangzeit, pp. 192 ff. 43. See Hentze, Das Haus als Weltort der Seele, pp. 99 ff. 44. Granet, La pensee chinoise. pp. 117 ff. , p. 135). Hence the universe reveals itself to be constituted by a series of antithetical forms that alternate cyclically. There is perfect symmetry between the cosmic rhythms, governed by the interaction of the yang and the yin, and the complementary alternation of the activities of the two sexes. And since a feminine nature has been attributed to everything that is yin and a masculine nature to everything that is yang, the theme of the hierogamy reveals a cosmic as well as a religious dimension.
38). To behave according to the tao is to conform to the will of Heaven. Confucius recognizes the preeminence of Heaven (T'ien). For him, this is no deus otiosus; T'ien is concerned for every individual separately and helps him to become better. "It is Heaven that produced virtue (te) in me," he declares (5. 22). "At the age of fifty years I understood the will of Heaven" (2. 4). In fact, the Master believed that Heaven had given him a mission to perform. 20). " Heaven likes to receive sacrifices; but it also likes moral behavior and, above all, good government.
84. " Techniques of long life 35 and feed on medicinal pla,nts and mineral substances able to kill the three demons. 85 By freeing himself from the three inner demons, the adept begins to feed on dew or the cosmic "breaths"; he inhales not only the atmospheric air but also the solar, lunar, and stellar emanations. According to certain recipes, documented in the third century after Christ, the emanation of the sun must be absorbed at noon (when the yang is at its height), that of the moon (containing the yin) at midnight.